Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC-India), envisioned to source technologies from all over the world and identifies such technologies which would be suitable for adoption in India and calls for Paradigm Shift in Technology Transition for Innovative Construction Technologies, was launched by Hardeep S. Puri, Minister of State (I/C) for Housing and Urban Affairs on Monday 14 January 2019.
- GHTC-India intends to get best globally available innovative construction technologies through a challenge process.
- GHTC-India seeks to demonstrate and deliver ready to live-in houses in a shorter time, with lower cost and quality construction in a sustainable manner.
- GHTC-India seeks to promote future technologies, to foster an environment of research and development in the country.
- GHTC-India to look for new Emerging, Disaster-Resilient, Environment Friendly, Cost Effective & Speedy Construction Technologies, as the conventional system of housing construction is time consuming as well as resource intensive.
- Shift in Technology Transition to address challenges of Large-scale Housing Construction in minimum time & cost with optimum use of resources & Environment Friendly practices.
- GHTC-India has been conceptualized to enable the paradigm shift required in the construction sector in the country.
- GHTC-India will bring change, both in the perception as well as the manner in which construction of houses is done.
- The challenge has three components viz.
- Conduct of Grand Expo-cum-Conference,
- Identifying Proven Demonstrable Technologies from across the world and
- Promoting Potential Technologies through setting up incubation centres at selected IITs and organizing accelerator workshops under the Affordable Sustainable Housing Accelerators- India (ASHA-India) Program.
- All stakeholders involved in building construction industry, technology providers, construction agencies, developers and technical institutes would participate in the GHTC-India.
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has been implementing Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U) Mission to provide all weather “pucca” houses to eligible beneficiaries by the year 2022. Against the validated demand of about one crore housing units to be constructed by the year 2022, MoHUA has so far sanctioned around 70 lakh houses, out of which around 37 lakh have been grounded and around 15 lakh completed and allotted to beneficiaries.
To ensure a robust process, MoHUA conducted a series of consultations with State/UT governments, IITs, technology providers and other relevant stakeholders to identify broad reasons for slow and limited adoption of innovative and alternative construction technologies for affordable housing. Based on the feedback received and subsequent deliberations, the issues identified include:
- Ensuring the suitability of foreign technologies for Indian conditions,
- Certification and standardization including the requirement of proper specifications and codes,
- Challenges in the procurement processes, and
- Necessary policy support to synergize both demand and supply.
- Knowledge transfer, access to raw materials and scale of demand for large scale uptake by entrepreneurs/ organizations.
- Typically conventional construction systems (such as the use of brick and mortar) are slow paced, energy intensive, dependent on natural resources and have large carbon footprint.
- They use low levels of mechanization and have high dependence on manual labour.
- A concerted effort is required to create mass awareness to accept a technology transition from conventional to new technologies through lighthouse projects, expositions and other outreach methods that will mainstream its use.
- This transition will contribute towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as laid out by the United Nations (UN), the New Urban Agenda and the Paris Climate Accord to which India is a signatory and other such international commitments.
- The use of alternative, innovative and fast-track technologies aims at:
- Conservation of natural resources;
- Bringing speed in construction;
- Utilization of industrial and construction demolition waste; d) reduction in air and noise pollution;
- Optimum use of water;
- Increased labour productivity; g) cost reduction; h) safe and disaster resilient houses; and
- All weather site execution etc. Such a technology transition aligns well with the vision of New India 2022.
- This will bring the country at par with the advanced economies of the world and their rigorous standards in the construction sector.
A Grand Expo and Conference will be organized to provide a platform to all stakeholders associated with housing construction for the exchange of knowledge and business. This event will be conducted biennially. Proven and demonstrable technology providers from across the globe and India will be invited to the Expo so that the organizers of GHTC-India may evaluate and assess the range of technologies available. Potential future technologies will also be invited and screened to participate at the expo.
After a global expo and conference in March, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs will invite bids and identify proven demonstrable technologies from around the world, which are to be adapted and mainstreamed for use in the Indian context. By July:
- Six winners will be invited to design and build lighthouse projects of 1000 housing units each.
- Tech innovation grant of ₹2.5 lakh planned for 6,000 lighthouse units.
- Centre will offer about ₹150 crore as a technology innovation grant to build 6,000 homes – cheaper, faster and better — using alternative technologies and materials under GHTC-India.
- The State and the Centre each will provide assistance of ₹1.5 lakh
Other Stakeholders such as academia, students of technical institutes, technologists, engineers, architects, Research and Development (R&D) institutes, Government agencies including housing boards & state Public Works Department (PWDs), developers, entrepreneurs etc. will be invited to participate as delegates. Developers and construction companies who may serve as local support partners to execute project on ground in partnership with global technology providers will also be invited.